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dc.contributor.supervisorHultin, Philip G. (Chemistry)en
dc.contributor.authorGeary, Laina Michelle
dc.date.accessioned2011-01-19T22:04:27Z
dc.date.available2011-01-19T22:04:27Z
dc.date.issued2011-01-19T22:04:27Z
dc.identifier.citationGeary, Laina M.; Hultin, Philip G. (2009). Modular Construction of Benzo[b]furans from 1,2-Dichlorovinyl Ethers, Organic Letters, 11(23): 5478-5481.en
dc.identifier.citationGeary, Laina M.; Hultin, Philip G. (2010). Palladium-Catalyzed Modular Assembly of Electron–Rich Alkenes, Dienes, Trienes and Enynes from (E)-1,2 Dichlorovinyl Phenyl Ether, Journal of Organic Chemistry 75(19):6354-6371.en
dc.identifier.citationGeary, Laina M.; Hultin Philip G. (2010) 2-Substituted Benzo[b]furans from (E)-1,2-Dichlorovinyl Ethers and Organoboron Reagents: Scope and Mechanistic Investigations into the One-Pot Suzuki Coupling/Direct Arylation, European Journal of Organic Chemistry (29):5563-5573.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1993/4381
dc.description.abstractTrichloroethylene, a simple and very inexpensive material, has been identified as a tri- and tetrafunctionalizable building block. A combination of selective palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions with standard lithiation and electrophilic quenching yields a wide variety of unsaturated linear or cyclic compounds in excellent yields in few synthetic steps. Dichlorovinyl ethers, obtained from a nucleophilic displacement reaction with trichloroethylene, are the basic starting materials. Two sets of conditions have been developed to achieve the reaction of either electron-rich or –deficient phenols with trichloroethylene to give the resultant dichlorovinyl ethers in high yields. Site selective palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling for the specific functionalization of a single C-Cl bond was developed, and could install alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl and (hetero)aryl moieties. The resulting electrophiles could be reacted with a second organometallic nucleophile forming trisubstituted, electron-rich alkenes, dienes, trienes or enynes in only two or three steps. Alternatively, the product from the first cross-coupling reaction could be isolated, deprotonated and quenched with an electrophile, then cross-coupled with a second organometallic nucleophile to give tetrasubstituted, electron-rich alkenes and dienes. In the course of studying the site selective cross-coupling, it was found that prolonged exposure of the C1-functionalized materials to palladium promoted an intramolecular C-H activation, forming 2-substituted benzofurans. This reaction proved to be very general, and a wide variety of benzofurans were synthesized, containing both electron-withdrawing and electron-donating group groups in the donor arenes, as well as alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl and aryl functionalities at the 2-position. This method was also extended to the synthesis of 2-substituted indoles from anilines, trichloroethylene and boronic acids.en
dc.format.extent12707402 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subjectpalladiumen
dc.subjectheterocyclesen
dc.subjectdirect arylationen
dc.subjectcross-couplingen
dc.subjectboronic acidsen
dc.subjecttrichloroethyleneen
dc.titleA diversity-oriented approach to the palladium-catalyzed modular assembly of conjugated compounds and heterocycles: high-value compounds from trichloroethyleneen
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
dc.typedoctoral thesisen_US
dc.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommitteeBudzelaar, Peter H. M. (Chemistry) Sorensen, John L. (Chemistry) Hasinoff, Brian B. (Pharmacy) Lautens, Mark (Chemistry, University of Toronto)en
dc.degree.levelDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)en_US
dc.description.noteFebruary 2011en


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