Show simple item record Landy, Jack Ehn, Jens Babb, David Thériault, Nathalie Barber, David 2020-08-18T04:56:48Z 2020-08-18T04:56:48Z 2017-08-20 2020-08-18T04:56:48Z en_US
dc.identifier.citation Landy, J. C., Ehn, J. K., Babb, D. G., Thériault, N., Barber, D. G., 2017. Sea ice thickness in the Eastern Canadian Arctic: Hudson Bay Complex & Baffin Bay. Remote Sens. Environ. 200 : 281–294. en_US
dc.description.abstract Past observations of sea ice thickness in the Eastern Canadian Arctic (ECA) have generally been restricted to drill-hole measurements at a few local sites on landfast ice. Here we use data from the laser altimeter ICESat and the radar altimeter Cryosat-2 to present a 14-year record (2003–2016) of high-resolution and spatially extensive ice thickness observations for the ECA and identify 12 sub-regions with distinct patterns. The mean sea ice growth rate within the seasonally ice-covered ECA from November to April is 23 cm mo−1 (565 km3 mo−1 ), with the fastest increase in thickness occurring through strong ice convergence and deformation in eastern Hudson Bay and Foxe Basin. Our results demonstrate characteristically asymmetrical distributions of sea ice thickness in both Hudson Bay and Baffin Bay, but in opposing directions. In Hudson Bay the spring ice cover is 40 cm thicker in the eastern region compared to the northwestern region, whereas in Baffin Bay the ice is 20 cm thicker in the western half of the bay compared to the eastern half. In Hudson Bay we find that years with strong and positive ice drift vorticity (i.e. cyclonic and convergent conditions) correlate with increasingly asymmetrical sea ice covers, with the level of west-east asymmetry varying from 2 to 11 cm per 100 km. However, in Baffin Bay the ice drift vorticity is typically negative (i.e. anticyclonic and divergent) with no obvious link to the asymmetry of the spring ice cover. Finally, we estimate that large interannual variations in spring sea ice volume within the ECA lead to ± 15% variations in the volume of freshwater available at the ocean surface during summer. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Funding for JCL, DB and NT was provided by NSERC, ArcticNet NCE, and the Canada Research Chair (CRC) program. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier Inc. en_US
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject sea ice thickness en_US
dc.subject Eastern Canadian Arctic en_US
dc.subject ICESat en_US
dc.subject Cryosat-2 en_US
dc.subject sea ice deformation en_US
dc.subject ocean freshwater budget en_US
dc.title Sea ice thickness in the Eastern Canadian Arctic: Hudson Bay Complex & Baffin Bay en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.rse.2017.08.019

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