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Experimental and numerical study of the combustion and emissions of natural gas/diesel dual-fuel engine under different engine load-speed conditions

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dc.contributor.supervisor Birouk, Madjid (Mechanical Engineering) Guo, Hongsheng (Mechanical Engineering) en_US
dc.contributor.author Yousefi, Amin
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-06T15:46:48Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-06T15:46:48Z
dc.date.issued 2019-03-26 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2019-07-30T16:33:19Z en
dc.identifier.citation A. Yousefi, M. Birouk, H. Guo. An experimental and numerical study of the effect of diesel injection timing on natural gas/diesel dual-fuel combustion at low engine load. Fuel, 203 (2017) 642-657 en_US
dc.identifier.citation A. Yousefi, H. Guo, M. Birouk. Experimental and numerical study on diesel injection split of a natural gas/diesel dual-fuel engine at a low engine load. Fuel 212 (2018) 332-346 en_US
dc.identifier.citation A. Yousefi, H. Guo, M. Birouk. Effect of diesel injection timing on the combustion of natural gas/diesel dual-fuel engine at low-high load and low-high speed conditions, Fuel 235 (2019), 838 846 en_US
dc.identifier.citation A. Yousefi, H. Guo, M. Birouk. Effect of swirl ratio on natural gas/diesel dual-fuel engine under different engine load-speed conditions, Applied Energy 229 (2018) 375-388 en_US
dc.identifier.citation A. Yousefi, H. Guo, M. Birouk, B. Liko. On greenhouse gas emissions and thermal efficiency of natural gas/diesel dual-fuel engine at low load conditions: Coupled effect of injector rail pressure and split injection, Applied Energy 242 (2019) 216-231 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/34061
dc.description.abstract Universal concerns about degradation in air quality, stringent emissions regulations, energy scarcity, and global warming have prompted research and development of compressed ignition engines using alternative combustion concepts. Natural gas/diesel dual-fuel combustion is an advanced combustion concept for compression ignition diesel engines, which has attracted global attention in recent years. This combustion concept is accomplished by creating reactivity stratification in the cylinder via the use of two fuels characterized by distinctly different reactivities. The low reactivity and main fuel (i.e., natural gas) is firstly premixed with air and then charged into the cylinder through the intake manifold, and the high reactivity fuel (i.e., diesel) is then injected into the charged mixture through a direct injector. This combustion concept offers prominent benefits in terms of a significant reduction of particulate matter (PM) and sometimes nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions while maintaining comparable fuel efficiency compared to diesel engine. However, low thermal efficiency and high greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under low load conditions are major challenges which prevented the implementation of dual-fuel concept in commercial automative engines. The present study investigates different combustion approaches with the aim to enhance combustion performance and reduce emissions of unburned methane, CO, NOx, soot, and GHG of natural gas/diesel dual-fuel engines under different engine load-speed conditions. In particular, the main focus of this thesis is on low load conditions where GHG emissions of conventional natural gas/diesel dual-fuel engine is much higher than that of conventional diesel engine. Alongside the experimental study, a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model is developed to help understand the behaviour of natural gas/diesel dual-fuel combustion process under different engine load-speed conditions. The studied approaches showed that the fuel efficiency and GHG emissions of natural gas/diesel dual-fuel engine can be significantly improved under low engine load conditions compared to diesel engine. en_US
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Natural gas/diesel. Duel-Fuel Diesel Engine, Emissions, Efficiency en_US
dc.title Experimental and numerical study of the combustion and emissions of natural gas/diesel dual-fuel engine under different engine load-speed conditions en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
dc.type doctoral thesis en_US
dc.degree.discipline Mechanical Engineering en_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Derksen, Robert (Mechanical Engineering) Alfaro, Marolo (Civil Engineering) Koch, Bob (Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta) en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) en_US
dc.description.note October 2019 en_US


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