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Transforming Genocidal Relations Through Strategic Nonviolent Resistance: A Case Study of the Pro-Biafra Secessionist Social Movements

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dc.contributor.supervisor Senehi, Jessica (Peace and Conflict Studies) en_US
dc.contributor.author Azubuike, Uchenna Chester
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-23T18:52:17Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-23T18:52:17Z
dc.date.issued 2018-12-03 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2019-01-17T00:06:15Z en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/33728
dc.description.abstract This study explored and explains reasons and outcomes of the deployment of strategic nonviolent resistance by the pro-Biafra secessionist social movements, as a weapon of war against, and towards the transformation of, the culture of genocidal relations in Nigeria. The idea about “Biafra” or today’s pro-Biafra strategic nonviolent confrontation is intricately-tied to undying secessionist resistance aimed at ending more than fifty years of episodic genocidal killings, and covertly-scripted policy of cultural genocide, by the Nigerian state against indigenous peoples of Biafra. This study reports that pro-Biafra movements, despite losing over 5,000 members to the state’s episodic genocidal attacks and extrajudicial abuses (between 1999 and 2018), remained steadfast in upholding nonviolent resistance as the best strategy towards actualizing their desired (Biafrexit) referendum towards a new Biafran state, and thereby save Indigenous Biafrans from another genocidal civil war. But while the Nigerian state resorted to “siege warfare” or its intensification of genocidal engagements against the Biafrans, this study discovered the nonviolent confrontation by pro-Biafra social movements gets stronger and more popular (with supports of and even secessionist agitations by some non-Biafran elites and groups). The study also discovered that “Biafra” since 2016 has become a metaphor for expressing/resisting the genocidal oppression against mainly Christian-dominant communities in other parts of Nigeria, and resistance against the Hausa-Fulani elite’s grandstanding opposition to the “restructuring” of Nigeria. Lastly, study concludes that as Nigeria becomes one of the deadliest, most terrorism-threatened and most war threatened (almost) failed states in the world, it is only an immediate confederal-like restructuring, or a referendum for a multi-state framework that will pull it from an inevitable genocidal balkanization. en_US
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Genocide and Genocidal Conflicts/Relations, Cultural Genocide en_US
dc.subject Colonialism, Colonization and Ethnic Conflicts en_US
dc.subject Ethnicity, Ethnic Identity and Cultural Relevance en_US
dc.subject Nonviolent Secessionist Agitation, Self-Determination and Referendum en_US
dc.subject Strategic Nonviolent Resistance, Social Change and Conflict Transfgormation en_US
dc.subject Pro-Biafran Social Movements and Nigeria en_US
dc.title Transforming Genocidal Relations Through Strategic Nonviolent Resistance: A Case Study of the Pro-Biafra Secessionist Social Movements en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
dc.type doctoral thesis en_US
dc.degree.discipline Peace and Conflict Studies en_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Byrne, Sean (Peace and Conflict Studies) en_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Cap, Orest (Education) en_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Korieh, Chima J. (History, Marquette) en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) en_US
dc.description.note February 2019 en_US


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