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dc.contributor.author Shumila, Lindsey
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-23T19:16:18Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-23T19:16:18Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/32369
dc.description.abstract Background: Breastfeeding provides many benefits to infants. Placing newborns skin-to-skin following delivery is associated with increased breastfeeding success. Medical interventions like pain control (analgesia), labour induction/augmentation, and Caesarian section deliveries (C-sections), have been associated with reduced rates of breastfeeding. Objective: The goal of the current study was to determine how increasing medical intervention affect skin-to-skin and breastfeeding outcomes. Method: 147 medical charts of mother/baby pairs were audited at the Health Sciences Centre Women’s Hospital in Winnipeg, Manitoba. They were divided into groups based on ascending degree of medical interventions and compared on skin-to-skin and breastfeeding outcomes using Chi-squared analysis. A secondary analysis was conducted to assess the association between skin-to-skin and breastfeeding. Results: Medical intervention was not significantly associated with breastfeeding outcomes. Delivery by C-section was significantly associated with decreased rates of skin-to-skin within five minutes and one hour of birth, compared with vaginal delivery (both p < 0.001). Among vaginal deliveries, analgesia and labour induction/augmentation were not found to be associated with skin-to-skin practices. Skin-to-skin within one hour was associated with increased breastfeeding during hospital stay (p < 0.05). Conclusion: C-sections predict decreased rates of skin-to-skin outcomes. However, so long as skin-to-skin is initiated within the first hour of life it can have benefit in increasing the likelihood of exclusive breastfeeding. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Breastfeeding en_US
dc.subject skin-to-skin en_US
dc.subject analgesia en_US
dc.subject C-section en_US
dc.subject labour en_US
dc.subject delivery en_US
dc.title The Effect of Increasing Medical Interventions in Labour and Delivery on Skin-to-Skin and Breastfeeding in Newborns en_US


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