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Biodiversity in Arctic lake trout Salvelinus namaycush: assessment of factors influencing and maintaining within species diversity

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dc.contributor.supervisor Anderson, W. Gary (Biological Sciences) Reist, James D. (Biological Sciences) en_US
dc.contributor.author Kissinger, Benjamin
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-29T15:32:44Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-29T15:32:44Z
dc.date.issued 2016 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Kissinger, B.C., Gantner, N., Anderson, W.G., Gillis, D.M., Halden, N.M., Harwood, L.A., and Reist, J.D. 2016. Brackish-water residency and semi-anadromy in Arctic lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) inferred from otolith microchemistry. J. Great Lakes Res. 42. 267-275. doi: 10.1016/j.jglr.2015.05.016 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/32169
dc.description.abstract Biodiversity within species is influenced by both adaptation and acclimatization in order to exploit a range of environments. Taxa within the genus Salvelinus are considered some of the most diverse vertebrate species on earth particularly Arctic char, Salvelinus alpinus, and lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush, due to various morphotypes, ecotypes, and life history strategies documented. The goal of this thesis was to describe factors influencing the formation and maintenance of biodiversity within species, using lake trout within the brackish waters of Husky Lakes, NT. To accomplish the goal I 1) determined life history types present within the Husky Lakes drainage basin (HLDB); 2) assessed how differences in rearing environment influenced physiology; 3) assessed differences in growth rates and longevity among life history types; and 4) assessed genetic structure among life history types and sampling locations. My data indicate that three life history types are present within the HLDB, freshwater resident, semi-anadromous, and brackish-water resident, suggesting two discrete early rearing environments are used (fresh and brackish water). Assessment of rearing in fresh (0 psu) or brackish water (5 psu) indicates that lake trout reared in brackish water out performed those raised in fresh water when transferred to 20 psu salt water. Additionally, brackish-water residents grew faster and lived longer than did semi-anadromous and freshwater resident lake trout in the HLDB. Also, brackish-water residents were genetically differentiated from sympatric semi-anadromous life history types suggesting segregation in spawning habitat. These findings are the first documentation of a brackish-water resident life history type within lake trout and one of only a few within salmonids. This novel life history type appears to be influenced by both phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation to brackish-water environments allowing for faster growth rates, increased longevity, and a larger abundance in Husky Lakes. Within this thesis I expanded the spectrum of known life history diversity within lake trout and Salvelinus, demonstrated that lake trout are more saline tolerant that originally documented, identified mechanisms that aid in forming and maintaining biodiversity, and contributed to the belief that lake trout are one of the most diverse vertebrates on earth. en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Great Lakes Research en_US
dc.subject Biodiversity en_US
dc.subject Brackish-water resident en_US
dc.subject Life history en_US
dc.subject Ionoregulation en_US
dc.subject Arctic en_US
dc.subject Salmonids en_US
dc.title Biodiversity in Arctic lake trout Salvelinus namaycush: assessment of factors influencing and maintaining within species diversity en_US
dc.degree.discipline Biological Sciences en_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Docker, Margaret F. (Biological Sciences) Gillis, Darren M. (Biological Sciences) Halden, Norman M. (Geological Sciences) Goss, Greg (Biological Sciences, University of Alberta) en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) en_US
dc.description.note May 2017 en_US


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