Reintegration of sex trafficking survivors in Nepal: challenges and coping mechanisms
The core intent of this study is to learn about the challenges faced by women survivors of sex trafficking in Nepal after their return. The study has attempted to answer questions about challenges survivors face, how they cope with the challenges, and resources available to these women to cope with the trauma and move ahead in life. In doing so, the study first considers demand and supply theory examining the influences of patriarchy, structural violence, the feminization of poverty and the social practices that support sex trafficking. The study also considers basic needs theory, increased opportunities to empower women, enhance participation and ensure their basic human rights. Despite all the hardships, survivors’ determination to rise from the ashes demonstrates courage and resilience. Throughout the study, empowerment is recognised as the driving force for these women to survive and thrive post-return. Economic independence, family’s love and acceptance, support and care from non-governmental organizations, and breaking silence regarding the ordeal these women survive foster empowerment. The study stresses the need to increase public awareness about sex trafficking in order to enable a respectful and dignified environment for the survivors. Survivors and NGO workers’ insight and experiences emphasize that for plans and policies to work effectively, the government bodies should work hand in hand with non-governmental organizations and increase the involvement of survivors throughout the reintegration process.