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Development of a mathematical model of frazil ice evolution based on laboratory tests using a counter-rotating flume
A mathematical model to simulate the supercooling process and frazil ice evolution in a counter-rotating flume was developed. It considers the effect of frazil ice thermal growth while neglecting several complicated physical ...
Laboratory study of anchor ice evolution around rocks and on gravel beds
A series of laboratory studies was carried out on anchor ice evolution around rocks and on gravel beds. Different arrangements of rocks were set on the flume bed, and two digital cameras were used to monitor the growth ...