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dc.contributor.supervisor Blatz, James A. (Civil Engineering) en
dc.contributor.author Siemens, Gregory Allen
dc.date.accessioned 2006-07-12T17:43:52Z
dc.date.available 2006-07-12T17:43:52Z
dc.date.issued 2006-07-12T17:43:52Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1993/262
dc.description.abstract The hydraulic-mechanical behaviour of swelling clay is examined in this thesis. The study includes laboratory testing and numerical modeling which considers the influence of boundary conditions on the hydraulic-mechanical behaviour of a compacted unsaturated swelling clay soil. The laboratory testing component of this research consists of three (3) series of tests using a newly modified triaxial apparatus on which mechanical and hydraulic boundary conditions are altered during liquid infiltration. Mechanical boundary conditions range from constant volume to constant mean stress and also include constant stiffness which is a spring type boundary consisting of both volume expansion and mean stress increase. Hydraulic boundary conditions include drained and undrained flow into triaxial specimens. The numerical modeling component of this research includes the creation of a new capillary tube model for swelling clay materials and incorporates dynamic changes to the cross-sectional area for flow. Laboratory results are modeled using the capillary tube model, an empirical hydraulic model, D’Arcy’s Law, and in an elastic-plastic context for unsaturated soil. Results of the laboratory and numerical modeling components show that boundary conditions dominate the hydraulic-mechanical behaviour of unsaturated swelling clay soil during liquid infiltration. In particular, a mechanism is shown to explain how hydraulic conductivity of a swelling soil can decrease with increasing water content at constant void ratio. Finally hydraulic and mechanical behaviour cannot be considered separately in swelling materials due to the intimate relationship in their response. en
dc.format.extent 4683401 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject unsaturated en
dc.subject swelling soil en
dc.subject suction en
dc.subject laboratory en
dc.subject capillary tube en
dc.title Influence of boundary conditions on the hydraulic-mechanical behaviour of an unsaturated swelling soil en
dc.type Electronic Thesis or Dissertation en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
dc.degree.discipline Civil Engineering en
dc.contributor.examiningcommittee Toll, David (School of Engineering, University of Durham Durham, United Kingdom) Kjartanson, Bruce (Civil Engineering, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON) Ruth, Doug (Mechanical Engineering) VanGulck, Jamie (Civil Engineering) en
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) en
dc.description.note October 2006 en


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