Use of completely and partially deodorized yellow and oriental mustards to control Escherichia coli O157:H7 in dry fermented sausage
Yellow and oriental mustards deodorized by a laboratory autoclave method have been shown to reduce the number of E. coli O157:H7 greater than the mandatory 5 log CFU/g during sausage manufacture. However, E. coli O157:H7 was inconsistently controlled by different deodorized mustards. The antimicrobial action of mustard results from the conversion of naturally present glucosinolates into inhibitory isothiocyanates by plant myrosinase in untreated hot mustard and by bacterial myrosinase-like activity when present in thermally-treated (deodorized) mustard. Variable results with deodorized mustards suggested that plant myrosinase might not have been completely inactivated during laboratory thermal treatment using the autoclave. Results obtained showed that when a 2 cm thick layer of mustard was used during autoclave treatment, plant myrosinase activity periodically remained. However, the completely deodorized mustard failed to reduce bacterial viability as effectively as yellow mustard containing residual or slight amount of myrosinase. As a result, a small amount of myrosinase activity was highly likely contribute to the overall antimicrobial activity of deodorized mustard against E. coli O157:H7 in dry sausage.