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dc.contributor.supervisorCicek, Nazim (Biosystems Engineering)en_US
dc.contributor.authorAckerman, Joe
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-17T15:17:42Z
dc.date.available2013-01-17T15:17:42Z
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationAckerman, J. N., N. Cicek, and J. Oleszkiewicz. 2012. Anaerobic fermentation of pig manure to increase phosphorus removal by struvite precipitation. Biological Engineering Transactions 5(4): 177-189.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1993/14914
dc.description.abstractThe over application of manure phosphorus (P) to farmlands can lead to P build up in the soil and eventual runoff to surface waters causing eutrophication. Reducing P in manure by precipitation of struvite enables P capture and reuse as a fertilizer in the agricultural supply stream. Struvite precipitation is dictated by levels of soluble P which can be highly variable according to manure treatment and management. This research studied P forms in liquid pig manure, ways of increasing P-PO4 levels in manure from strategic storage conditions, novel struvite reactors, and the effectiveness of struvite as a fertilizer. Studies that monitored soluble nutrients during manure storage revealed that P-PO4 concentration was sensitive to pH and time. Anaerobic fermentation of manure increased P-PO4 by 2.5 fold with 12 days of storage, provided the buffering by alkalinity was low. Two different struvite reactors were operated, a batch-type system for processing lagoon supernatant and an upflow air sparged reactor that used supernatant from a rotary press solids separator. They achieved 75% and 31% total P removal, respectively. The upflow reactor operated without chemical addition at pH 6.8 to produce high purity struvite free of calcium phosphates. Costs of both reactors were comparable ($0.0139 and $0.0167/kg live pig wt) and similar to other pilot struvite reactors. Manure derived struvite was compared with pure struvite and commercial fertilizer for agronomic value in canola production. Results of a greenhouse pot experiment showed no significant difference between the two struvites despite impurities in the manure precipitate.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherAckerman, J. N., and N. Cicek. 2011. Phosphorus removal and recovery from hog lagoon supernatant using a gravity-settled batch reactor and increased pH. Biological Engineering Transactions 4(4): 207-218.en_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subjectphosphorusen_US
dc.subjectstruviteen_US
dc.subjectmanureen_US
dc.titleReclaiming phosphorus as struvite from hog manureen_US
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
dc.typedoctoral thesisen_US
dc.degree.disciplineBiosystems Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.examiningcommitteeAkinremi,Wole (Soil Science) Ranjan Sri Ranjan (Biosystems Engineering) Oleszkiewicz, Jan (Civil Engineering) Cheng, Jay (Biological Engineering, NCSU)en_US
dc.degree.levelDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)en_US
dc.description.noteFebruary 2013en_US


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