The gender differences in upper-extremity occupational repetitive strain injuries in Manitoba

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Sprout, Janet M.
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There is growing evidence to indicate that women's experience with occupational repetitive strain injuries (RSI) is different from that of men. Women are reported to experience higher rates of occupational RSI and have more widespread and diverse RSI symptoms and longer time loss due to occupational RSI than men. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the frequency of occupational RSI in Manitoba, Canada by gender in terms of age, industry, occupation, diagnosis, body part affected, severity of injury, disability outcome, medical treatment and compensation assistance received. A manual file review of a stratified sample of time loss upper limb workers compensation injury claims settled in 1991 was undertaken to identify occupational RSIs. Information was obtained on age, gender, occupation, industry, time loss, claims cost, diagnosis, medical management and workers compensation board (WCB) intervention. Incidence rates were generated by extrapolating the number of found RSI WCB claims to the entire claims population and using the employed labour force of Manitoba for 1991 as the population at risk. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)