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Title: 3D nonlinear mixed finite-element analysis of RC beams and plates with and without FRP reinforcement
Authors: Hoque, Mohammad M.
Supervisor: Rattanawangcharoen, Nipon (Civil Engineering)
Examining Committee: Shah, Arvind (Civil Engineering) Singh, Meera N.K.(Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering)
Graduation Date: May 2006
Keywords: 3D
Issue Date: 5-Apr-2006
Abstract: Three 3D nonlinear finite-element (FE) models are developed to study the behavior of concrete beams and plates with and without externally reinforcement of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP). Ramtekkar’s mixed layer-wise 3 dimensional (3D) 18-node FE model (108 degrees-of-freedom, DOFs) is modified to accommodate the nonlinear concrete and elasto-plastic steel behaviour. Saenz’s stress-strain equation is used for material nonlinearity of concrete. As in any 3D mixed FE analysis, the run time using the model can be computationally expensive. Two additional layer-wise 18-node FE models: Displacement FE model (54 DOF) and transitional FE model (81 DOF) are developed. The displacement FE model is based on purely displacement field, i.e. only displacement components are enforced throughout the thickness of the structures. The transitional FE model has six DOF (three displacement components in the coordinate axis direction and three transverse stress components - where z is the thickness direction) per node in the upper surface and only three DOF (three displacement components in the coordinate axis direction) per node in the bottom surface.The analysis of reinforced concrete (RC) beam strengthened with FRP and composite plate using these models are verified against the experimental results and the results from the commercial software, ANSYS respectively. Several parametric studies are done on composite RC beam and composite plate.
Type: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Appears in Collection(s):FGS - Electronic Theses & Dissertations (Public)

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